Interparticle Distance Variation in Semiconductor Nanoplatelet Stacks

authored by
Rebecca T. Graf, Anja Schlosser, Dániel Zámbó, Jakob Schlenkrich, Pascal Rusch, Atasi Chatterjee, Herbert Pfnür, Nadja C. Bigall

In the large field of research on nanoplatelets (NPLs), their strong tendency to self-assemble into ordered stacks and the resulting changes in their properties are of great interest. The assembly reveals new characteristics such as the charge carrier transport through the NPL assembly or altered optical properties. In particular, a reduced distance should enhance the charge carrier transport due to higher electronic coupling of neighboring NPLs, and therefore, is the focus of this work. To modify the inter-particle distances, the straightforward method of ligand exchange is applied. Various CdSe and CdSe/CdX (hetero-) NPLs serve as building blocks, which not only display different material combinations but also different types of heterostructures. The surface-to-surface distance between the stacked NPLs can be reduced to below 1 nm, thus, to less than the half compared to assemblies of pristine NPLs. Moreover, for certain NPLs stacking is only enabled by the ligand exchange. To characterize the ligand exchanges and to investigate the influences of the reduced distances, photo-electrochemical measurements, fluorescence spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are performed. It is possible to show higher photocurrents for smaller distances, indicating enhanced charge transport ability within those stacks.

Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry
Institute of Solid State Physics
PhoenixD: Photonics, Optics, and Engineering - Innovation Across Disciplines
External Organisation(s)
National Metrology Institute of Germany (PTB)
Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science (MFA)
Advanced functional materials
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Chemistry(all), Materials Science(all), Condensed Matter Physics
Electronic version(s) (Access: Open)